PHA is Poly Hydroxy acid which is relatively new for skin care ...
1. PHA is Poly Hydroxy acid which is relatively new for skin care. They don't penetrate as deep into the skin as AHAs and BHAs and work on the skin surface without disturbing the delicate layers that lie beneath. Good for people with eczema, rosacea and very sensitive skin.
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2. Exfoliate for getting rid of fine lines, even the skin tone, fade age spots, leftover pigmentation from acne scars, unclogging the pores, helps minimize pore size, maximize the absorption of other products you're gonna use.
3. Exfoliate 3 times a week if you have oily skin.
Exfoliate 1-2 times a week if you have dry or sensitive skin.
Exfoliate at least once every 1-2 weeks if you have if you have really sensitive skin.
4. 1. Cleanse
Exfoliation comes before Toning and after Cleansing. No need to tone if you use a chemical exfoliator.
5. Chemical exfoliators are BHA, AHA and PHA.
They unglue the dead skin cells from your skin.
6. AHA is Alpha Hydroxy Acids. They come from Milk, Sugar and Fruits. AHA's work on the surface of the skin so they are good for dry and sensitive skin.
7. BHAs are Beta Hydroxy Acids aka salicylic acid. Works on top layer and deeper into the skin which is why it is good for oily and congested skin. It helps unclog pores, gets rid of lumps and bumps you have on your skin and removed blemishes as well. They are found in Anti-acne products.
8. PHA is Poly Hydroxy acid which is relatively new for skin care. They don't penetrate as deep into the skin as AHAs and BHAs and work on the skin surface without disturbing the delicate layers that lie beneath. Good for people with eczema, rosacea and very sensitive skin.
9. Physical exfoliators are cosmetics that are tools, brushes, scrubs with apricot seeds, sand granules. Anything that you are physically scrubbing on your skin.
10. Scrubs are good for all skin types. Choose the size of the granules in the product to your skin.
Oily skin = Bigger granules like apricot seed from St. Ives
Dry or sensitive skin = Sand or micro granules you get in Dermalogica exfoliator.
11. Peeling gel is an exfoliator that has a AHA or BHA in it that you apply on your skin and then gently scrub it out. It has cellulous particles that attach itself to the dry skin and you see them come off in rolls of dead skin.
12. Exfoliating pad is a peeling pad that you put in your hand and rub it on your skin.
13. Chemical Exfoliators are products which contain a AHA/BHA/PHA, a peeling mask or gel.
Physical Exfoliators is using something like a wash cloth, or a scrub, or using a mechanical spinning brush.
14. If you have a scar or an open wound, do not exfoliate until its totally healed. You have to be gentle with the skin.
15. How to use a chemical Exfoliator?
Put few drops on a cotton pad and very gently, rub in circular motion over the skin.
16. Do not exfoliate the day when you have shaved/removed hair from your face as using an exfoliator might sting.
17. Some exfoliators come with an instruction to remove the exfoliotor after, while other you just leave on your face.
Tags: Exfoliation |
18. Resurface your skin:
Micro-needling or derma-rolling is basically a procedure where you poke tiny microscopic holes into your skin - kind of creating a micro-injury. This promotes the skin to stimulate collagen production which re-plumps your skin getting rid of fine lines, wrinkles, dark spots and improving the texture of your skin. It is important to follow this up with a serum to maximize the absorption of the serum.
19. Can we Unclog Pores completely?
You can't really unclog your pores in the sense of emptying out your pores of everything. When we do a facial, we think we are opening up all our pores and getting all the pores cleaned up. However, we are really just scratching the surface of our pores.
The reality is we don't actually need to empty out our pores. It is more about keeping your pores function better.
20. Why do skin pores look bigger or clogged?
Blackheads, Whiteheads, excess sebum and dead skin cells are all the main things that make your pores look bigger and clogged.
BHA gets rid of the dead skin cells and exfoliates deep down resulting in smaller looking pores with less bumps and less texture.
21. Niacinamide gives your pores a tighter look and increases elasticity, giving an appearance of tighter looking pores.
22. Essence is used for plumper firmer looking skin. Essence usually have niacinamide, galactomyces and general hydrating ingredients.
23. On the days when you are not exfoliating, you can use a Retinol. You can use AHA/BHA/PHA and Retinol in the same routine if your skin likes it.
24. Glycolic Acid is one of the most powerful chemical exfoliants that dissolves the dead skin cells off of the face. They are very effective but higher concentration of Glycolic Acids in a product may be irritating for some skin types.
25. Lactic Acid:
Somewhat similar to Glycolic acid in the sense that it dissolves dead skin cells off the face but it's the most gentle of the exfoliants making it ideal for really sensitive skin.
26. Retinol has the most research backing it up with its benefits. Retinol is great for repairing deep damage within the skin if you have acne scars, fine lines, aging, dark spots, post inflammation hyperpigmentation, scarring or other problems. Retinol will help resolve those issues.
How much Retinol to use?
Retinol can be sensitizing to the skin and can make your skin very sesitive to the sun. That is why it is best to use it at night.
Slowly introduce Retinol to your routine: Once every 2 weeks, and then once a week up to a maximum of 3 times a week.
How to apply Retinol?
Your skin should be dry when you apply Retinol. If it is wet, retinol will penetrate deeper into the skin and cause irritation and flakiness.
29. AHAs and BHAs can be used every single day, but it is recommended to use it 3-4 times a week because you want to give your skin a break from that intense exfoliation.
NIACINAMIDE + RETINOL
A lot of people say this combination of active ingredients cannot be mixed.
They are recommended to be mixed together because Niacinamide reduce redness and irritation in the skin which is a common side effect of using a powerful ingredient like Retinol.
NIACINAMIDE + AHAs
AHAs (glycolic acid, lactic acid..)
They work great together. You don't have to worry about any sensitivity or irritation.
Niacinamide is not just found in Serums, but is also active ingredients in many moisturizers.
32. Mixing AHAs + BHAs:
This is a great combination as it exfoliates your skin pretty well together. Together, they give you an ultimate glow overnight.
Mixing Retinol + AHAs or BHAs
Technically, you can mix them together. Retinol helps your body to produce more skin cells, while exfoliation helps to shed excess skin cells.
Using both the same time can be effective, but you are risking over exfoliating your face.
You can use it if you have been using Retinol or Exfoliants for a long time and have not experienced sensitivity.
The best way is to use Retinol one night, and exfoliate the other night. So one day you produce more skin cells, and the other day you shed the excess skin cells. Perfect!
34. BENZOYL PEROXIDE
A common alternative ingredient to salicylic acid (BHA) which is good for getting rid of acne and acne scars. It is usually found in cleansers.
35. The Ordinary Layering for Hyperpigmentation
1. Alpha Arbutin 2% + HA (derivative of Hydroquinone)
2. Niacinamide 10%
3. Magnesium Ascorbyl Phosphate 10%
4. Granactive Retinoid 2% Emulsion or Retinol (max 2%)
5. Azelaic Acid
6. Moisturizer (fragrance free and free from actives)